Agricultural constructions

21 February 2018

Agricultural constructions

Seasonal migration (“sopel-bosloba”) was characteristic for the Tushi people. After the first big snow came and there was no longer the threat of being invaded, the village population with their livestock would migrate towards cattle-sheds which were usually located outside villages, along with arable lands.

Cattle-sheds of Omalo and Shenaqo are built away from the villages. Building material is shale again. Cattle-sheds are normally two-storeyed.The ground floor housed livestock and the upper one was the living quarters. There are three-storeyed cattle-sheds too. Thus, the ground  floor “bashte” housed livestock and the first floor was the living quarters and the second “cherkho” for storing heaps of threshed corn stalks, chaff, hay. “Cherkho” is open to three sides and has one blank wall.  The roof rests on the stone pillar (“miliona”). In winter, “bashte” is protected from cold by a minor construction (“taluka”) built just outside to the entrance with flat smooth “sipi” stone, with a door and a window.

Above the cattle-shed, close to “cherkho” on an elevated place there is a threshing floor, arranged like a terrace, which is sometimes surrounded by low dry stone wall. Some threshing floors have even a roof which leans against stone pillars (“miliona”). The ground of the threshing floor is smooth flat floor of earth or stone.  There is a construction in the upper corner of the threshing floor used for storage of threshed wheat stalks (“sakhvave”) which was to be winnowed away. The hay stacks ready to be threshed are put on the roof from where they are being unbound onto the threshing floor.

The barn is mostly located separately, however sometimes it is built against other buildings.