Tushetian Melodies

2 May 2018

Tushetian Melodies

Tushetian melodies is a very interesting phenomenon. The Tsova-Tushetian population especially males have one distinguished feature from the rest of the mountainous population. This is their being very reserved and taciturn. However, they cannot help showing their emotions when hearing Tushetian melodies. Tushetian melodies are very simple and uncomplicated and they can be performed on any musical instrument, even on a shepherd’s pipe. At first hearing, the melodies may sound monotonous but musicians and the Tushetians themselves can perceive and express every minute nuance with utmost precision and subtlety.

As for the content of the songs, one of the most prominent among them is heroic-patriotic genre. Those songs describe the heroic deeds of the ancestors, their struggles against various invaders. This material is preserved in musical archive of Georgia).

As a rule, Tushetian patriotic ballads tell a story with a  complete plot. They are very telling and informative as along with the names of heroes of noble descent they keep the record of every hero of common population. These heroes preserved in songs –to name just few: Shalva Shvelaidze, Meti Saghirishvili, Devdris Anta of Chovata, Shete Gulukhaidze, Zezva Gaprindauli of Chaghma-  are from all parts of Tusheti. They are many and each of them are heroes of Tusheti and therefore of Georgia as well.  

Tushetian patriotic ballads are usually performed at Christian holidays such as Atingenoba, Lasharoba, Giorgoba ( St. George’s Day), Baptism, etc. They are celebrated each year in Tusheti. Tushetians are very proud of their heroes who sacrificed themselves while defending their motherland  and thus continued the valorous tradition of their ancestors. Those songs are full of hope for equally heroic and patriotic descendents who will live up to the expectations of their forefathers and will always stand vigilant to defend their homeland. Those songs that are devoted to only one hero are sung in Tsova, Chaghma and Georgian.