Tushetian Rug

3 May 2018

Tushetian Rug

There was a significant material base for the development of rugmaking in Georgia.

One of the most important places among artistic wool cloth is held by a rug in Georgian folk applied art. It was used to decorate a house, besides the aesthetics, it had a utilitarian purpose and it made the house warm and comfortable.

A rug was used for different purposes until 1940s-50s: while traveling a rug covered a cart and protected the passengers from heat and cold - rain.

In Georgia a rug was an essential attribute for a daughter's dowry, which was made by her or her mother.

The rugs were woven for family use, sale and even for churches. In terms of natural economy, rugs were exchanged for other products.

Weaving rugs was common throughout Georgia, but still some regions were well-known because of the abundance of the raw material - wool, such as Tusheti, Pshavi, Mtiulet-Gudamakari, Khevi, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Ertso.

Making rugs in the lowlands was abandoned earlier than in the mountains. Compared to other parts of Georgia, this type of folk craft still remains in Tusheti. This region is known for  the originality, variety of the rugs, where all favorable conditions were created for Georgian weavers - the high quality raw materials on the site and the lack of agricultural land allowed more workers to be engaged in this activity. Here, one of the denominators of the family’s status/wealth was- carpets and rugs; that is why they were woven in large quantities.

It is amazing that the traditions related to wool products (including weaving a rug) are still preserved in Georgia.